Bruxism can be experienced due to anatomical disorders in the jaw area, improper dental treatment ,anxiety , stress , brain traumas , smoking and alcohol addiction, sleep apnea Huntington and Parkinson’s disease complications and it’s dose may increase. As a result of recent researches, it has been observed that the use of antidepressants containing some active ingredients causes or increases bruxism. Therefore, please consult your doctor.
It is understood by the emergence of complaints such as jaw, head , neck, ear pain, increased tooth sensitivity, flattening or cracking of teeth. Due to bruxism, the jaw muscles become stronger and thicker and cause jaw muscle hypertrophy.
With correct diagnosis, patient compliance is very important. The right questions to be asked to the patient. By taking measurements from the patient, a special night plaque can be given to the person to be worn on the upper jaw while sleeping at night. Night plaque prevents the lower and upper teeth from erosion due to bruxism. Using a warm compress on the cheek area can help relieve muscle pain caused by clinching. In the patient who has a bite in which the teeth don’t fit together, can also be corrected with a new filling, a crown or orthodontic treatment. Anti-inflammatory drugs may be recommended, however, since these drugs temporarily soften the muscles, when their effects wears off, your complaint will continue. Since stress is the biggest cause of bruxism, you should definitely stay away from stressful things or do activities that will relieve your stress.
Botox should not be the first treatment option.It should be applied in cases where bruxism can not be eliminated in any way and the patient’s pain can’t be stopped. Botox is directly injected into the masseter muscle, which allows us to move and tighten the jaw, and the muscles are weakened by this way. The positive effect of botox on your muscles continues for 3-4 months. After that, you should continue to have botox.
On the contrary , as a result of the studies conducted in recent years , it has been seen that the use of antidepressants containing some active ingrediants causes or increases bruxism. Therefore, consult your doctor.